Introducing small changes in our lifestyle help maintain a healthy heart, recent studies say.
Here are best ways to take care of your important heart.
Correct night rest is associated with better cardiovascular health. For example, a study published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology has shown that those who sleep a minimum of seven hours a day reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease by up to 65% and the risk of dying by up to 83%. Is the cause.
A recent work published in the New England Journal of Medicine ensures that the Mediterranean diet (predominance of fruits, vegetables, fish, lean meats, legumes and olive oil), accompanied by nuts, reduces both cardiovascular risk and mortality for some ailment of the heart . And is that overweight and obesity are behind 75% of heart attacks, according to the Spanish Society of Intensive, Critical Medicine and Coronary Units (SEMICYUC).
Put a brake on stress
Since 2012, the European Guide to the prevention of cardiovascular disease in clinical practice includes stress as a risk factor for the proper functioning of the life pump, as it is a trigger for high blood pressure. If it is installed regularly in our daily life, it ends up affecting general health. You have to learn to disconnect and combat it with exercise, yoga, healthy habits and, if necessary, drugs or psychotherapy.
Eye to cholesterol
The obstruction of the arteries by excess of bad cholesterol (LDL) is the main trigger of strokes and heart attacks. One of the factors that cause it is the abuse of saturated fats, present in whole dairy products, sausages, industrial pastries, salty snacks and other processed products. For this reason, the consumption of omega-3, an unsaturated fatty acid that abounds in blue fish – salmon, tuna, sardines -, and some dairy products and nutritional supplements that contain phytosterols are an effective weapon against hypercholesterolemia.
Control your tension
Take it often, as hypertension does not warn. Moderate salt intake and eat grapes: A recent University of Michigan study published in the Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry proves that this fruit counteracts heart problems from high blood pressure by activating genes responsible for the antioxidants that protect the myocardium.
Moderate physical exercise, such as walking 5 km – the equivalent of an hour – a day, is a basic prescription to mitigate the risk of cardiovascular accidents. And if you don’t have that time, it’s no excuse either: A recent article in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology shows that running just five to ten minutes a day reduces mortality. Avoid sedentary lifestyle and change the car for the bike whenever you can.
Do not smoke
Smoking causes various damage to the body, including deterioration of the arteries. According to the Aragon Workers’ Health Study, carried out in Zaragoza, 70% of smokers suffer from alterations in their blood vessels. In addition, says the Spanish Heart Foundation, smoking reduces the concentration of oxygen in the blood, makes it thicker, increases heart rate and tension, and affects the lungs and bladder.
Drink in moderation
Drinking is a double-edged sword. Recent studies show that beer and red wine in moderate doses – never more than two glasses a day – decrease the risk of coronary heart disease by reducing bad (LDL) cholesterol and increasing good (HDL) cholesterol. But its excess in blood affects the functioning of many organs of the body, accelerates the heart rate and alters the quality of rest and sleep.